According to the American Society of Clinical Oncology, prostate cancer is the most common non-skin cancer in men and the second-leading cause of cancer death.
The tricky thing about this type of cancer is that in most cases, it's silent for years with no early signs and symptoms, says Dr Osei-Tutu Owusu, a haematologist and oncologist at Cleveland Clinic Akron General's McDowell Cancer Institute.
For this reason, prostate cancer screening, which can involve a blood test or a rectal exam, is a vital tool for early detection. “The earlier you catch it, the easier it is to treat and eradicate,” says Dr Owusu.
Aside from screening, there are some potential prostate cancer signs and symptoms that all men should be aware of. Here's what to look out for...
#1: You urinate frequently
“You’ll feel like you need to go more and more between regular trips,” says Dr Owusu.
#2: You wake up to urinate at night
You’ll notice that you wake up several times during the night to use the bathroom.
#3: You feel an urgency to urinate
According to De Owusu, the sensation that you need to urinate will become very urgent and heightened.
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#4: You have difficulty urinating
This could mean that you feel like your bladder is full, but there’s pain
or hesitation when you start to urinate and urine doesn’t come out freely, or it could mean that you have strain to urinate, especially at the end of a long stream.
#5: You take a long time to pass all your urine
Your urine may come out slowly in drops, says Dr Owusu. “That might be a heralding sign that there’s something wrong with the prostate
,” he adds.
#6: You don’t have a single urine stream
“The stream moves from one side to the other; it’s not a single stream,” says Dr Owusu. “That may also be something that you want to look at.”
#7: There’s blood in your urine
This should always be checked out immediately as it can be an early sign of prostate cancer
and a number of other health problems.
#8: You’ve noticed changes in your erections and ejaculations
Difficulty getting an erection as well as a reduction in the amount of fluid ejaculated and painful ejaculation could be an early sign of prostate
cancer, according to the Prostate Cancer
#9: You have pain your bones
in your limbs or pelvis can be a sign that prostate cancer
has spread to your bones.
If you’re experiencing any of these prostate cancer signs and symptoms, you should get checked out by a doctor.
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