If you know a thing or two about multiple sclerosis (MS), you may know that it's an autoimmune disease with very unpredictable symptoms. These symptoms can vary in intensity from person to person.
While some people will experience numbness and fatigue, severe cases of MS can also cause vision loss, paralysis and reduced brain function. Keep reading to learn more about how multiple sclerosis can cause vision problems.
What is multiple sclerosis?
MS is an immune-mediated disorder. The progressive disease triggers your system to mistakenly attack the parts of your body that are vital to everyday function.
The protective covering of your nerve cells get damaged, which leads to diminished function in your spinal cord and brain.
Who’s at risk of developing multiple sclerosis?
Worldwide, MS affects around 2.3 million people. Women are surprisingly affected more than twice as men, according to the National MS Society. Family history is also a big risk factor.
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What are the causes of multiple sclerosis?
The causes of MS largely remain a mystery, even though the disease was discovered way back in 1868. All that researchers know is that nerve damage is primarily caused by inflammation, but the cause of inflammation remains unknown.
How does multiple sclerosis cause vision problems?
Vision problems are commonly associated with MS. Inflammation affects your optic nerves, which in turn disrupts your central vision. This can cause blurry, double or even loss of vision.
You may not notice the vision problems right away, as degeneration of clear vision can be incredibly slow. Pain
when you look to one side or up can also accompany the vision problems.
If you’re experiencing any vision problems, I recommend you consult your doctor immediately to determine and treat the cause.